Unlike the ring-tailed lemur, the collared lemur is rarely on the ground, spending most of its time in trees. It is active during the day. To leap through the canopy, it uses its long tail for balance.
Collared lemurs live in groups of males and females, but are not matriarchal, like many other lemurs. The groups are permanent, generally numbering 3 to 12 individuals. To claim their home range territories, which span 17 to 50 acres, males frequently scent-mark trees. They also commonly rub their strong scents on themselves.
Collared lemurs eat mostly fruit, young leaves, and flowers.
Births occur at or before the start of the rainy season from August to October. There is usually one infant per year. Collared lemurs reach adulthood by a year and a half of age. On average, they live for 20 to 25 years in the wild.
Some of My Neighbors
Hissing cockroach, Fossa, Ringtail lemur, Radiated tortoise
Population Status & Threats
The collared lemur is considered vulnerable. It lives in a very restricted area of the island, and is under pressure from habitat loss. Hunting for food and trapping for the pet trade are also threats to its population.
WCS Conservation Efforts
The Wildlife Conservation Society has worked in Madagascar for over 13 years in site-based programs and on species-based conservation. In the south of the island, our field staff is working to build awareness about how habitat loss impacts endemic wildlife species like the collared lemur and radiated tortoise. One of the program’s goals is to improve livelihoods of local people by creating sustainable community associations that promote alternative farming practices and community development activities. Learn more about WCS work in Madagascar.
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